Breast reconstruction is a type of plastic surgery carried out on women. The practice involves the removal of all or a part of the breast. The main reason of plastic surgery is to mold the breast to its original shape and size after mastectomy or lumpectomy.
Mastectomy is when the breast of a woman is fully removed while lumpectomy is partial removal of some part of the breast with cancer.However, decision to have reconstruction is always made by the individual. Before undergoing the procedure, information is provided to make sure a woman understand every fact or word used during the process.
Well, several plastic surgery techniques are used during the process of reconstruction. However, the results are usually highly variable. For instance, the new breast will lose the normal feeling and sensation of the original breast. The incisions lines are always visible and present on the breast. More often one breast is usually affected in case of mastectomy or lumpectomy. In such a case breast symmetry is paramount .To maintain symmetry a breast argumentation, lift, or reduction is necessary to the opposite breast to ensure the size and position of both breast is equal.
Before plastic surgeons carry on with the process, they ensure you have made the decision on your own merit. The fact being the procedure is highly individualized and the decision should be made by the individual but not because they want to fulfill someone else desire.
It is good to have breast reconstruction if
- You are capable of dealing with diagnosis and treatment
- No illnesses or medical conditions that may delay your healing process
- You will be able to deal with the consequences of the procedure
- The goals of restoring body image ad breast are positive and realistic.
Before undergoing the process of breast reconstruction, the consultation stage is very vital. This is aimed at ensuring the whole process is safe and successful. During the consultation, various questions are mused regarding your lifestyle, health and your desires. You will discuss
- Options available
- The outcome, associated risk and any potential complication that may arise during and after the procedure.
- Previous surgeries
- Reasons for the surgery, desired and expected results
- Medical conditions or treatment and any drug allergy
- Use of tobacco, alcohol, herbal supplement or medication
Before breast reconstruction, procedure is performed; medical evaluation and laboratory tests are done to ensure the candidate is qualified for the surgery. If taking herbal supplements, aspirin, or anti-inflammatory drugs they are avoided as they increase bleeding during surgery. Instructions are given regarding what to do during and after breast reconstruction, use of anesthesia and follow-up and pre-operative care
The actual procedure is comprised of various steps. All the steps are performed by a qualified plastic surgeon under ultimate care to ensure the whole procedure is successful. After surgery, healing process commences and it may take several weeks. It is paramount to follow all the instructions given during the healing process. As healing takes place breast position and shape improves.
The results of breast reconstruction have benefits. First, they will help improve self-esteem and confidence, second, physical appearance is improved after mastectomy and finally, woman feels and looks complete again.